The legal effect of a contract caused by coercion is one that is deemed to be voidable. This means that the contract can be legally terminated or declared void by the coerced party if they choose to do so. Coercion is defined as the use of force or threats to compel someone to act against their will. In the context of contracts, it can take many forms such as physical violence, threats of harm, or blackmail.
The law recognizes that a contract signed under duress or coercion cannot be considered a voluntary agreement between two parties. Therefore, the coerced party has the right to cancel the contract at any time without incurring any legal penalties or consequences. This is because the coerced party did not enter the contract of their own free will, and the agreement was not entered into fairly or with mutual consent.
In addition to being voidable, a contract that is the result of coercion may also be considered unenforceable. Essentially, this means that the law will not provide any recourse to either party in the event of a dispute or breach of contract. This is because the contract is deemed to be illegal or contrary to public policy, as it was signed under duress or coercion.
There are several legal remedies available to a party who has been coerced into signing a contract. For example, they may seek to have the contract declared void ab initio, which means that it is treated as if it never existed in the first place. Alternatively, they may be able to seek damages for any losses or harm they suffered as a result of signing the contract.
In conclusion, the legal effect of a contract caused by coercion is one that is voidable. This means that the coerced party has the right to cancel the contract at any time without incurring any legal penalties or consequences. Additionally, such contracts may be deemed unenforceable and therefore cannot be used in a legal dispute or breach of contract. It is important for individuals to be aware of their rights in such situations and seek legal advice if they find themselves in a coerced contract.